APT29, The Dukes, a term coined by security researchers at Kaspersky Labs, are a well funded, highly resourceful and dedicated group of organized cyber espionage hackers that have been linked to the Russian Federation dating back as far as 2008. Their primary mission traditionally has been to perform intelligence gathering in an effort to support Russian foreign and security policies. The Dukes have access to a vast arsenal of malware toolsets, which have been identified as OnionDuke, CosmicDuke, MiniDuke, GeminiDuke, HammerDuke, PinchDuke, SeaDuke, and CloudDuke to name a few.
Report by Miguel Bigueur and Daniel Bradley
Putter Panda is a criminal hacker organization based out of China that has been linked to numerous cyber espionage events against American and European governments and corporations. They are linked to China’s shadow army known as, Unit 61486 of the 12th Bureau of the People’s Liberation Army’s 3rd General Staff Department.
Putter Panda is accused of launching Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) style espionage campaigns against American and European based space and defense companies. The group’s primary motivation is economic advancement, and accelerating time to market for knock-off technologies. Continue reading